Ideas in Action: Participatory Health and Literacy Education with Adults

Spiral Model

Elizabeth Morrish’s student action research project reflects the Spiral model illustrated by Arnold, Rick, et al. (1991).





1. Start with the experience of the learners
Recruiting students, forming the team, planning

"We began by brainstorming ideas around what to learn..." "The group decided they wanted to learn more about violence as a community health issue."

2. Look for pattern
Brainstorming questions, interviewing

"The group brainstormed a list of questions...Questions were grouped in areas." "The students interviewed family members and friends." "We were all surprised how much violence was described in all these interviews."

3. Add new information
Interviewing in the community

"...interviewed a streetworker working with gangs, and a Cambodian police officer."

4. Practice skills and take action
Practicing skills continued through the interviews. Actions taken by making the book

"...transcribed the parts (of the interview) we wanted." "As a group, we wrote an introduction deciding on themes and choosing the layout."

5. Apply in Action
Presenting the work "The team described our work and showed the book at statewide conferences and community events..." The following pages are taken from "Question Violence - Love is the Answer" the book produced by the team.

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